Waite Vision

What does laser eye surgery do?

Laser eye surgery is a popular type of surgical procedure designed to correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. At Waite Vision, we use advanced technology to offer our patients several types of laser surgery procedures, including LASIK, PRK, SMILE, Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE), and EVO ICL. This allows us to recommend the best laser surgery procedure to fit each patient’s unique needs, resulting in clearer vision and often eliminating the need for glasses or contact lenses. Our experienced team is dedicated to providing personalized care and optimal results. Schedule an appointment with Waite Vision today to find out if laser eye surgery is right for you.

What does laser eye surgery do?

Laser eye surgery, also called refractive surgery, corrects vision by altering the way light is focused onto the retina at the back of the eye. This is achieved by reshaping the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye, or by replacing the eye’s natural lens.

  • If your cornea is too curved, this can lead to myopia or nearsightedness. Laser eye surgery removes tissue from the center of your cornea to make it flatter. This allows light to focus correctly on your retina.

  • If your cornea is too flat, this causes hyperopia or farsightedness. In this case, laser eye surgery removes tissue from the outer edges of your cornea to make it more curved, allowing the light to focus correctly.

  • If your lens gets stiff or cloudy, like it often does as we age, laser eye surgery involves placing an artificial lens in your eye which allows patients to focus at both near and far distances.

Here’s a detailed look at how different types of laser eye surgeries work to correct vision:

LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis)

LASIK surgery is the most popular form of laser eye surgery. It involves creating a thin flap in the cornea and then using an excimer laser to reshape the underlying corneal tissue. This procedure is typically used to correct myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. LASIK is known for its rapid recovery and significant improvement in vision almost immediately after the surgery.

PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy)

PRK was one of the first types of laser eye surgeries and is similar to LASIK, except it does not involve creating a corneal flap. Instead, the outer layer of the cornea is gently removed, and the excimer laser reshapes the cornea directly. PRK is often recommended for patients with thin corneas or other corneal irregularities. It is also a suitable option for those prone to dry eye syndrome, as it avoids creating a corneal flap.

SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction)

SMILE is a newer technique that involves creating a small, lens-shaped piece of tissue within the cornea, which is then removed through a small opening. This procedure is less invasive than LASIK and PRK and is primarily used to correct myopia and astigmatism. SMILE is known for its minimal disruption to the corneal surface, potentially reducing the risk of dry eye symptoms. Post-operative care includes the use of eye drops to aid in healing and comfort.

LASEK (Laser-Assisted Sub-Epithelial Keratectomy)

LASEK is similar to PRK but involves creating a thin epithelial flap that is repositioned after the excimer laser reshapes the cornea. It is often chosen for patients who are not suitable candidates for LASIK, such as those with thin corneas or those with conditions like keratoconus.

EVO ICL (Implantable Collamer Lens)

EVO ICL does not involve the removal of corneal tissue but instead involves implanting a lens inside the human eye, behind the iris and in front of the natural lens. This procedure maintains the natural shape of the pupil and is suitable for patients with high degrees of myopia or those who are not candidates for corneal reshaping procedures. EVO ICL is reversible and can be an alternative for those who cannot have traditional laser surgery.

Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE)

RLE, also known as Custom Lens Replacement or CLR, involves replacing the eye’s natural lens with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). This procedure is a type of refractive surgery and is typically used for patients with presbyopia or high hyperopia. RLE can correct both distance and near vision, reducing the need for glasses or contact lenses.

Each of these procedures has specific indications, advantages, and potential risks. The choice of procedure depends on various factors, including the patient’s specific vision problems, corneal thickness, lifestyle, and expectations. It is crucial for individuals considering laser eye surgery to consult with a refractive surgeon to determine the most appropriate type of surgery based on their unique eye health and vision correction needs.

Discover Clearer Vision Today at Waite Vision

Laser eye surgery offers a variety of options to correct vision problems, tailored to fit each patient’s unique needs. Whether you are considering LASIK, PRK, SMILE, EVO ICL, or Refractive Lens Exchange, the experts at Waite Vision are here to guide you through the process. Don’t let vision problems hold you back any longer. Schedule your consultation with Waite Vision today and take the first step towards clearer, sharper vision.

Are you ready to take the next step in your vision journey?

FAQ’s About What Does Laser Eye Surgery Do

How does laser eye surgery improve vision?

Laser eye surgery improves vision by reshaping the cornea, allowing light to properly focus on the retina. This correction can address issues such as myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Waite Vision uses advanced laser technology to ensure precise and effective treatment for each patient’s specific vision needs.

What are the risks associated with laser eye surgery?

While laser eye surgery is generally safe, potential risks include dry eyes, glare, halos, and infection. Waite Vision’s experienced surgeons thoroughly evaluate each patient to minimize risks and ensure the best possible outcome. Post-operative care often includes prescribed medication to prevent infection and promote healing.

How long does the laser eye surgery procedure take?

The time varies depending on which laser eye surgery procedure you have, but most are relatively quick. Some procedures requires less than one minute per eye. Including preparation and recovery time, the entire process at Waite Vision usually lasts about 1 to 2 hours.

Is laser eye surgery painful?

Laser eye surgery is not painful. Patients may feel slight pressure during the procedure, but numbing drops and local anesthesia are used to minimize discomfort and prevent blurred vision during the surgery. Waite Vision provides a comfortable environment and comprehensive care to ensure a positive experience.

What is the recovery time for laser eye surgery?

Recovery time varies depending on the type of laser eye surgery. Most patients experience improved vision within a few days, but full recovery can take a few weeks. Your eye doctor at Waite Vision provides detailed post-operative instructions to support a smooth recovery process.

Are the results of laser eye surgery permanent?

The results of laser eye surgery are generally permanent. Some patients may experience changes in vision over time due to aging or other factors. Waite Vision offers follow-up care for the first year to monitor and address any changes in vision.

Who is a good candidate for laser eye surgery?

Good candidates for laser eye surgery are typically over 18, have stable vision, and have healthy corneas. Waite Vision conducts thorough evaluations to determine if laser eye surgery is suitable for each patient.

Can laser eye surgery correct all types of vision problems?

Laser eye surgery can correct many types of vision problems, including myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. However, it may not be suitable for everyone. Waite Vision offers a range of procedures to address various vision issues and provide personalized treatment plans for improved visual perception.

What should I expect during a consultation for laser eye surgery?

During a consultation with an eye surgeon at Waite Vision, patients undergo a comprehensive eye examination conducted by our ophthalmology experts to assess overall eye health and determine the best procedure for vision correction.

How much does laser eye surgery cost?

The cost of laser eye surgery varies depending on the type of procedure. Waite Vision offers financing options to make laser eye surgery accessible for those seeking to improve their vision.


Dr. Aaron Waite is a fellowship trained, board-certified ophthalmologist and the founder of Waite Vision. He discovered his passion for ophthalmology while working as an ophthalmic technician and scribe. During this time, he witnessed the life-changing impact modern eye surgery can have on an individual’s life.